• Iris Windsor

The Worm Farm

Updated: Feb 13, 2019

At Dragonfly's Early Learning, we don't have unlimited garden space and the perfect solution to this is to propagate a worm farm to allow us to easily make our garden soil fertile. This allows us to recycle food scraps and have something to use to fertilise the garden.

The most important things to remember about a worm farm are;

1. You have to remember to feed it

2. It must be kept in a cool place. You need to keep it warm but out of the direct sun. The worm's comfort zone is similar to ours.

3. Always feed it on a Friday if there is no-one there to feed t over a weekend

4. Worms need about 250gms food each day

5. If your farm has a bad smell. you are most likely feeding more food than the worms can cope with.

6. Remember to keep the food covered with a piece of old carpet or a hessian bag. worms are light sensitive and will not come to the surface during the day if left uncovered

7. Aerate the top few cms with a garden fork once a week to help worms work throughthe food

8. Moisture and oxygen are critical for the well being of the worms and the system

There should be at least 3 layers to your worm bin;

1.Bottom layer to collect the liquid. This liquid can be drained off, diluted 1:20 with water before applying it to your garden soil

2. The other 2 levels are where the worms live and gradually move up the farm, allowing you to scrape the worm castings from the bin and use these as you would, compost. Spread this around your plants or as a top dressing for your garden

Worms can eat half their own body weight daily and depending on their food source, can double their population every few months

Worms regulate their population to suit the amount of available space and will stop breeding when there is no food source available or they become overcrowded

The worms will eat leftover vegetable and fruit scraps, tea and coffee, vacuum cleaner dust, hair, torn up newspapers, egg, milk and pizza cartons (must be soaked) and crushed egg shells

Worms don't like meat, citrus peel, onions, too much acidic foods like tomatoes, fat or oils.

A handful of Ag lime each week helps to control the ph in your worm farm.

The children at Dragonfly's Early Learning know about their worm first hand. Here you can see the children crowded around the farm at feeding time.

To learn more about Dragonfly's Early Learning go to


or call 07 5471 65-00 to arrange a walk through.


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